Grade 5

Key Learnings

In this section:



Exploring God: Through the Stories of the Old Testament

  • Understand that God continues to offer the gift of salvation despite humanity's rejection of Him
  • Know that God's character of love is revealed through His laws and interaction with His people
  • Understand that God created humanity with the power of choice
  • Understand the covenant relationship God initiated with His people and the role of faith, repentance and forgiveness
  • Understand the importance of daily commitment to God and relying on His power for a victorious life
  • Understand that God has always had a remnant of people that have remained a faithful witness for Him
  • Know that each person has been given unique talents and spiritual gifts by God
  • Understand the value of prayer, praise and reverence in communicating with God
  • Identify the sanctuary as a symbol of God's love, acceptance and restoration though the Gospel



  • Select media, techniques and processes; analyze what makes them effective or not effective in communicating ideas; and reflect upon the effectiveness of their choices
  • Employ organizational structures and analyze their effectiveness in the communication of ideas
  • Use subjects, themes and symbols that demonstrate knowledge of contexts, values and aesthetics that communicate intended meaning in artwork
  • Describe, place a variety of art objects in historical/cultural context
  • Analyze, describe, demonstrate how factors of time/place influence visual characteristics to give meaning/value to a work of art
  • Describe and compare a variety of individual responses to their own artworks and to artworks from various eras and cultures
  • Describe ways in which the principles and subject matter of other disciplines taught in the school are interrelated with the visual arts
  • Know names of lines and spaces of bass clef
  • Identify and write symbols for sharp, flat and natural
  • Sight-read a musical phrase
  • Use D.C. al fine
  • Know symbols and meanings for ritardando and accelerando
  • Know symbols and meanings for crescendo, decrescendo and diminuendo
  • Listen to music of the baroque period
  • Learn names of some hymn writers



  • Interpret impressions from visual media that influence understanding
  • Understand similarities and differences among a variety of media
  • Determine correct word meaning from visual context using electronic devices
  • Interpret a speakers topic, purpose, and perspective
  • Use listening skills in group settings
  • Take brief notes to identify main points and key information
  • Draw inferences and reach conclusions
  • Read independently, selecting appropriate reading strategies
  • Use dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, encyclopedia, card catalog, and electronic devices
  • Use abstract vocabulary to extend reading vocabulary
  • Use skim for overview and scan for specific information to improve comprehension
  • Use compare and contrast to improve comprehension
  • Use oral language skills in a variety of settings
  • Participate in group discussions, refine and use cooperative group processes
  • Identify persuasive messages
Visually Representing
  • Develop visual media to model responsible decision-making skills
  • Demonstrate how visual media techniques establish mood
  • Develop visual media to show similarities and differences
  • Practice the writing process
  • Use characteristics of good writing
  • Use figurative language to describe characters



Numbers and Operations
  • Understand place value through billions
  • Be proficient in counting money and making change
  • Develop, use number sense for whole numbers, fractions, decimals
  • Develop and apply number theory concepts, e.g. multiples, primes and factors in real world and mathematical situations
  • Determine pairs of numbers given a relation or rule, and determine the relation or rule of given pairs of numbers
  • Understand how basic mathematical operations are related
  • Develop, analyze and explain procedures for computation and techniques for estimation
  • Select appropriate methods and tools for computing with whole numbers, fractions and decimals from among mental computation, estimation, calculator and paper/pencil
  • Round whole numbers to the designated place value
  • Identify/generate equivalent forms of fractions, decimals, percents
  • Recognize, model/describe multiples, factors, composites, primes
  • Determine the GCF and LCM of two numbers
  • Convert fractions to the LCD
  • Reduce fractions to simplest form (lowest terms)
  • Add and subtract time using renaming
  • Graph linear equations with one variable
  • Use calculators, computers, tables and graphs to develop and interpret patterns
  • Understand and use formulas
  • Develop skill in solving and writing linear equations using informal and formal methods
  • Investigate inequalities and nonlinear equations
  • Apply order of operation rules
  • Learn the relationship between radius and diameter
  • Classify angles according to the measure
  • Identify and select appropriate units to measure angles (degrees)
  • Understand and use linear, square and cubic units
  • Count faces, vertices and edges
  • Create perspective drawings
  • Describe ray, segment, interior and exterior of an angle
  • Recognize and create patterns with tessellations
  • Identify the paths between points on a grid or coordinate plane and compare the lengths of the paths
  • Demonstrate and describe the difference between covering the faces (surface area), and filling the interior (volume), of 3-dimensional objects
  • Use standard angles (45º, 90º, 120º) to estimate the measure of angles and use a protractor to measure and draw angles
  • Convert one metric unit to one customary unit and one customary unit to one metric unit
  • Understand that measurement is not exact, e.g. when measured multiple times, measurements may give slightly different numbers
  • Understand and explain how differences in units affect precision
  • Measure length to the nearest cm and 1/8 of an inch
Data Analysis/ Probability
  • Collect and organize data, then determine appropriate method and scale to display data
  • Find the mean, median, mode and range of a given set of data and use these measures to describe the set of data
  • Use calculators to simplify computations and use computers to assist in generating and analyzing information
  • Sample and analyze data, making predictions and conjectures based on samples
  • Distinguish between a population and a sample
  • Discuss the reasonableness of the data and the results
  • List all possible outcomes of an event
  • Read, construct and interpret frequency tables
  • Make predictions based on experimental/theoretical probabilities



Spiritual Emphasis
  • Recognize that God's ideal for quality living includes a health lifestyle
  • Incorporate into one's lifestyle the principles that promote health: nutrition, exercise, water, sunlight, temperance, air, rest, trust in God
  • Avoid at-risk behaviors
  • Apply Christian principles in recreation and sports
  • Achieve a balance in work and leisure; balancing physical, mental, social and spiritual activities
  • Recognize the interaction of physical, mental and spiritual health with emotional and social well-being
Movement and Motor Skills
  • Demonstrate mature form for all basic manipulative, locomotor and non-locomotor skills
  • Demonstrate increasing competence in more advanced skills
  • Adapt and combine skills to the demands of increasingly complex situations of selected movement forms
  • Demonstrate beginning strategies for net and invasion games
  • Apply previously learned knowledge to improve performance
  • Apply information from a variety of internal and external sources to improve performance
  • Identify and apply principles of practice and conditioning that enhance performance
  • Recognize sport specific movement patterns applied to games
  • Understand terms that describe basic movement
  • Use basic offensive/defensive strategies in non-complex settings
Lifestyle and Fitness
  • Identify opportunities in the school and community for regular participation in physical activity
  • Participate daily in some form of health-enhancing physical activity
  • Discover personal interests and capabilities in regard to one's exercise behavior
  • Identify the critical aspects of a healthy lifestyle
  • Participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity in a variety of settings
  • Monitor intensity of exercise
  • Understand the reason for proper cool-down/warm-up techniques
  • Begin to develop a strategy for the improvement of selected fitness components
  • Work somewhat independently with minimal supervision in pursuit of personal fitness goals
  • Meet the health-related fitness standards as defined by a standard physical fitness test, e.g. AAHPERD Physical Best, Fitnessgram, President's Challenge
  • Recognize physical activity as a positive opportunity for social and group interaction
  • Experience enjoyment from participation in physical activities
  • Use physical activity to express feelings and relieve stress
  • Seek personally challenging experiences
Sportsmanship and Appropriate Behaviors
  • Participate in establishing rules, procedures and etiquette that are safe and effective for specific activity situations
  • Work cooperatively and productively in a group to accomplish a set goal in cooperative and competitive activities
  • Make conscious Christ-like decisions about applying rules, procedures and etiquette
  • Utilize time effectively to complete assigned tasks
  • Acknowledge differences in the behaviors of people of different gender, culture, ethnicity, development and disability
  • Cooperate with disabled peers and those of different gender, race, ethnicity and religion
  • Work cooperatively with both more and less skilled peers



Physical: Energy Waves: Electromagnetic Spectrum, Heat, Light, Mirrors/Lenses, Sound, Waves

  • Identify, describe and compare different types of wave energy
  • Describe the organization of the electromagnetic spectrum and the uses/applications of each type of electromagnetic wave
  • Compare electromagnetic waves and mechanical waves
  • Explore characteristics of heat, light, and sound
  • Compare and contrast types of mirrors and lenses
  • Define a wave and describe characteristics and features of waves

Life: Cells, Classification/Behavior, Fish

  • Describe, explain and compare the structure and function of cells
  • Identify the characteristics of living things
  • Use the standard classification system to group animals based on their characteristics
  • Identify features of fish that distinguish them from other classes of animals 

Earth: Oceanography, Meteorology: Air Pressure, Climate, Earth's Atmosphere, Water Cycle, Etc.

  • Describe physical structures and ecosystems present in the ocean
  • Study currents, tides and waves
  • Explain air pressure and local/global winds, how they are measured and their effects on weather
  • Distinguish between climate and weather and identify factors that affect climate
  • Describe Earth's atmospheric layers and the "greenhouse" effect
  • Explain water cycle and relationship to weather/climatic patterns

Health: Reproductive System, Mental/Emotional Health

  • Explain human reproduction and development
  • Identify the physical, emotional, intellectual and social changes that occur at puberty
  • Describe God's plan for human sexual behavior
  • Know ways to seek assistance if worried, abused or threatened
  • Recognize how mood changes and strong feelings affect thoughts and behavior, and how they can be managed successfully
  • Describe how personality, relationships and self-concept affect mental and emotional health
Scientific Inquiry
  • Make observations
  • Ask questions or form hypotheses based on these observations
  • Plan a simple investigation
  • Collect data from the investigation
  • Use the data collected from the investigation to explain the results
  • Safely use and store tools and equipment
Service/Career Options
  • Explore ways to use Physical, Life, Health, and/or Earth Science to serve the community
  • Identify careers in areas of Science



American History: Native People - 1860 (Native People, Exploration/Colonization, Pre-Independence Movement, (Native People, Exploration/Colonization, Pre-Independence American Revolution, Territorial Expansion - 1801-1861, Westward Expansion, Current Events)

  • Understand God's ultimate control /protection over human affairs
  • Describe the relationships between key people/groups, events and cultures in United States History
  • Know causes and effects of key influences/events and be able to place them on a time line
  • Understand and interpret key events and issues in United States history around commonalty and diversity, continuity and change, conflict and cooperation, individualism and interdependence, interaction within different environments
  • Interpret major events, issues, developments involved in making a new nation: Land/people before Columbus, Age of Exploration, Settling the Colonies, War of Independence, Westward Expansion
  • Understand the role/work of the Adventist Church in North America

Civics: Ideas about Civic Life, Politics and Government

  • Understand how government works and how participation in government affects citizen life e.g. check and balances, etc.
  • Understand the constitution of the U S and how it affects one's life
  • Know how the constitution protects the rights of individuals
  • Know the importance of Christian citizenship and cultural diversity
  • Understand socially acceptable ways of participation in activities to achieve group goals

Geography: Geographic Features and Patterns of the Environment

  • Prepare, examine, interpret charts/maps that show key geographic information such as population, climate, natural resources, etc.
  • Locate and identify the continents of the world, the fifty states, major cities of the U S, major physical features of North America
  • Identify patterns of migrations and cultural interactions in the U S
  • Understand the effects of weather/climate on migration patterns
  • Recognize that limited resources are used to meet basic needs and unlimited wants
  • Understand how physical and human activity has impacted changes in physical environment
  • Understand responsibilities of Christian stewardship in a global economy
  • Understand that all economic choices have costs and benefits
  • Understand the differences between needs and wants and their relationship to economic tradeoffs
  • Understand how supply and demand and price increase and decrease influence consumers and the economy
  • Identify economic systems and terms



  • Demonstrate proper use/care of computers, input/output devices
  • Learn to troubleshoot for basic malfunctions
  • Practice keyboarding, using correct hand position and posture
  • Use word processing, editing and file management skills
  • Begin using presentation software
  • Use electronic resources to enhance and access information
  • Know proper technology terms
  • Understand consumer issues regarding technology
  • Investigate technology-related occupations
  • Use courtesy while sharing computer time
  • Become aware of legal issues when using software
  • Identify computer abuse including use of Internet

Our key learnings are aligned with the North American Division curriculum guides, national standards, McRel Database (Mid-Continental Regional Educational Laboratory) and Ten Sigma (a compilation of standards for 38 states).